The region that Mesopotamia was in was called the Fertile Crescent. It lies between two rivers; the Tigris and the Euphrates. Because of this, "Mesopotamia" literally means "the land between two rivers." The Fertile Crescent lies in present-day Iraq. It was north of Saudi Arabia, south of present-day Turkey, east of Egypt, and west of India. The Fertile Crescent connected the Mediterranean Sea with the Persian Gulf, conjoining much of the known world at that time, and making it a much-desired area for all the people of Mesopotamia. This led to much warfare in the region, most of which was because of competition for the land. Due to the rivers, the soil became extremely fertile and because of this, the large agricultural business flourished. The region was productive and useful for the Sumerians and the other peoples of Mesopotamia.